John VIII Xiphilinos
- Patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.) from 1064-1075, jurist; friend of Michael Psellos and John Mauropous (qq.v.). Prior to his appointment as patriarch he was the first president (nomophylax [q.v.]) of the law school created by Constantine IX (q.v.); then he fell out with the emperor (q.v.) and was forced to retire to a monastery. Constantine X (q.v.), followed the recommendation of Psellos and called him back to service as patriarch in 1064.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Xiphilinos, John — See John VIII Xiphilinos … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Mauropous, John — Writer; teacher; metropolitan of Euchaita (qq.v.); courtier during the reign of Constantine IX (q.v.). He was part of a circle of intellectuals that included Michael Psellos, John VIII Xiphilinos, and Constantine III Leichoudes (qq.v.). His… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Johannes VIII. (Patriarch) — Johannes VIII. Xiphilinus (* um 1010/1012 in Trapezunt; † 1075) war von 1064 bis zu seinem Tod Patriarch von Konstantinopel. Er war Schüler von Johannes Mauropous, dem späteren Erzbischof von Euchaita. Zu dieser Zeit lernte er den späteren… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Johannes VIII. (Konstantinopel) — Johannes VIII. Xiphilinus (* um 1010/1012 in Trapezunt; † 1075) war von 1064 bis zu seinem Tod Patriarch von Konstantinopel. Er war Schüler von Johannes Mauropous, dem späteren Erzbischof von Euchaita. Zu dieser Zeit lernte er den späteren… … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople — See talk page for different periodization of the bishopric, archbishopric and patriarchate. Bishops of Byzantium (until 330) *1. St. Andrew the Apostle (founder) *2. St. Stachys the Apostle (38 54) *3. St. Onesimus (54 68) *4. Polycarpus I (69… … Wikipedia
Eudokia Makrembolitissa — Niece of Patriarch Michael I Keroularios and empress of Constantine X Doukas (qq.v.). After his death in 1067 she was regent for her sons Michael VII (q.v.), Andronikos, and Constantine, promising Patriarch John VIII Xiphilinos (q.v.) that she … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Constantine IX Monomachos — Emperor (q.v.) from 10421055. Later Byzantine (and modern) historians have condemned his disbandment of the border theme of Iberia (qq.v.). He is seen as having further undermined the themes by limiting the civil authority of military… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Education — Until the sixth century, education in Byzantium (q.v.) was the traditional Greco Roman education, which emphasized grammar and rhetoric, i.e., the ability to speak and write Greek well. Primary and secondary education (chiefly for boys) was… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Psellos, Michael — Historian, premier intellectual and writer of his time, courtier and advisor to several 11th century emperors (q.v.). Michael VII (q.v.) was his pupil. Whatever one thinks of his character (which was necessarily chameleon like to have survived … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Law — Civil law was founded on the Corpus Juris Civilis of Justinian I (qq.v.), a work whose significance for western civilization is exceeded only by that of the Bible. The Corpus incorporated and superseded previous Roman laws, including those in… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium